Intellectual Property Rights (IPR's), of which patents form the major component, are protected and enforced akin to all forms of private property through appropriate domestic laws with the cherished aim of encouraging scientific-technological innovations of new products and processes leading to increased societal wealth and prosperity. Though these laws have much in common from the above point of view, country-wise they also differ in details through specific clauses carefully introduced to reflect the over-all national interests matching with the differing stages of socioeconomic development. In other words, Patents Laws have never been an absolutist concept, they invariably have reflected the contemporary needs of the respective national interests. These rights also, akin to any other citizen's rights, rest on certain fundamental principles and yet harmonized with the overall needs of the contemporary political economy. Hence the need to be aware of the crucial issues regarding patent laws and patenting practices regulated through the specific clauses.
In India, the concepts of patents and patenting practices were introduced first by the East India Company in 1856 on the lines of the Act in United Kingdom. This was followed by further alterations and amendments by the then colonical government resulting finally in the Patents & Designs Act 1911. In order to ensure that the patent system was made more conductive to the interests of the newly independent nation, an Enquiry Committee was appointed by the Government of India under Justice (Dr) Bakshi Tek Chand in late 1948, followed by another one under Justice Rajagopal Ayyangar for more detailed study of the critical issues. These recommendations eventually lead to the enactment of The Indian Patents Act 1970, hailed by many as a model act for developing countries. The situation has, since, changed considerably. As part of its policies in international trade and as a member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the government has recently introduced in parliament a Bill seeking major amendments in the 1970 Act and the amended Act would then regulate the IPRs in India in future. So also, the new Bills related to Trade Marks, Breeders' Rights, Biodiversity, IC's, softwares and so on, all covered under the umbrella of IPR's. These Bills, in turn, also envisage new measures to ensure greater compliance of IPRs in terms of both inventors' rights and infringements by others, apart from those through the Disputes Settlement Body of WTO.
In view of the these IPR related developments in our country, it was absolutely essential that the challenges and opportunities of the New IPR Regime are rightly understood by all those who are involved in R&D, T&D, T/T, commercialization, process innovation and all such S&T related activities in dedicated research centers, in-house units of coporate bodies and policy planning groups including government departments dealing with technology. New strategies would be essential in organizing future R&D activities on the one had and management of industrial-technological innovations on the other - the very process of administering IPR's in their manifold aspects.
The Site was reminding all concerned with the issues evolving there from and as described below:
(a). to understand the new IPR Regime in terms of its policy contents b. to help formulate strategies in organizing future R&D activities in dedicated and in-house Research Centres/ Units, to evolve process of administering IPR's in respective areas to share specific examples from world patents literature, to formulate IPR Policies in line with management / corporate objectives.
(b). to regularly publish critical review articles by experts on the differing aspects of IPR's as practiced in India and in other countries to enable the customers to have comparative studies on respective IPR policies, including the evolution of concerned laws through the differing stages of their techno-economic development.
(c). to bring out the significant IPR events happening in India and other countries and also major activities of WTO in this field.
(d). to evolve as a reliable and User Friendly Data Base of IPR's in India in all aspects. And so on.